Social Issues in Higher Education

India has a publicly funded higher education system that is the third largest in the world, next to the United States and China. The main governing body at the tertiary level is the University Grants Commission, which enforces its standards, advises the government, and helps coordinate between the center and the state. Accreditation for higher learning is overseen by 15 autonomous institutions established by the University Grants Commission (UGC).

Issues in Indian higher education:

As India strives to compete in a globalized economy in areas that need highly skilled professionals, the quality of higher education becomes increasingly important. So far, India’s large, educated population base and its reservoir of at least moderately well-trained university graduates have aided the country in moving ahead, but the competition is severe.

• The present system of higher education does not serve the purpose for which it has been started.
• There is clearly a lack of educated educators and teaching is not an attractive profession. It’s a last choice in terms of career. Number of Ph.Ds produced each year is very low and those required by academia is far higher.
• Most observers of higher education in India feel that performance of higher education institutions has been less than satisfactory in terms of access, equity, and quality. Now there is an urgent need to work for the development of the educational sector to meet the need of the emerging opportunities, increasing younger generation population and challenges of the 21st century.

Challenges of higher education system in India:

From the time when we have got independence, we are facing challenges to establish a great and strong education system. India can no longer continue the model of general education as it has been persisting in for the large bulk of the student population. Rather, it requires a major investment to make human resource productive by coupling the older general disciplines of humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, and commerce to their applications in the new economy and having adequate field-based experience to enhance knowledge with skills and develop appropriate attitudes.

• Concepts of access, equity, relevance, and quality can be operationalised only if the system is both effective and efficient. Hence, the management of higher education and the total networking of the system has become an important issue for effective management.
• There are so many people in various parts of country which are still out of reach. This is when we have emphasized more on our education programs and made our system reachable to all areas.
• Government must rethink on these areas to implement more on the policies.

There is a great need to revolution in higher education. These are just some challenges which should cover all the aspect in the present scenario of education, and we must implement hard on them.


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